studying in australia

Occupation ceilings 2019/2020

Occupation ceilings

This document is published to give the readers an idea of the occupation ceilings & the number of invitations on the previous year. You can use this data to plan your studies & training accordingly.

Click Here to Check Current Occupation Ceilings for the 2020/2021 Program year.


An ‘occupation ceiling’ might be applied to invitations issued under the independent, skilled regional (provisional) visas. This means there will be a limit on how many EOIs can be selected for skilled migration from an occupation group. This ensures that the skilled migration program is not dominated by a small number of occupations. Once this limit is reached, no further invitations for that particular occupation group will be issued for that program year. Invitations will then be allocated to intending migrants in other occupation groups even if they are lower ranking.

The table below shows the occupation ceilings for the 2019-2020 program year for each occupation on the list of eligible skilled occupations by the four-digit ANZSCO code unit group.

Occupation ceiling values are based on a percentage of stock employment figures for each occupation. Stock employment figures are provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, and represent the number of people employed in Australia in each occupation.

Occupation ceilings do not apply to State or Territory Nominated, Employer Sponsored or Business Innovation and Investment visa subclasses.

Occupation ceilings for the 2019-20 program year.


Occupation ID

Description Occupation Ceiling Value 2019-20 Invitations to 11/04/2020
1213 Livestock Farmers 5,934 0
1331 Construction Managers 4,983 <20
1332 Engineering Managers 1,000 <20
1341 Child Care Centre Managers 1,000 <20
1342 Health and Welfare Services Managers 1,785 0
1399 Other Specialist Managers 3,044 <20
2111 Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers 1,000 0
2112 Music Professionals 1,000 <20
2121 Artistic Directors, and Media Producers and Presenters 1,098 0
2211 Accountants* 2,746 654
2212 Auditors, Company Secretaries and Corporate Treasurers* 1,552 371
2241 Actuaries, Mathematicians and Statisticians 1,000 35
2243 Economists 1,000 <20
2245 Land Economists and Valuers 1,000 <20
2247 Management consultant 5,269 28
2321 Architects and Landscape Architects 2,171 284
2322 Cartographers and Surveyors 1,000 <20
2331 Chemical and Materials Engineers 1,000 119
2332 Civil Engineering Professionals 3,772 519
2333 Electrical Engineers 1,000 319
2334 Electronics Engineers* 1,000 223
2335 Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers* 1,600 381
2336 Mining Engineers 1,000 62
2339 Other Engineering Professionals* 1,000 237
2341 Agricultural and Forestry Scientists 1,000 44
2342 Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists 1,000 37
2343 Environmental Scientists 1,472 <20
2344 Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists 1,000 <20
2345 Life Scientists 1,000 87
2346 Medical Laboratory Scientists 1,505 <20
2347 Veterinarians 1,000 <20
2349 Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals 1,000 21
2411 Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers 2,294 34
2414 Secondary School Teachers 8,052 61
2415 Special Education Teachers 1,111 <20
2421 University Lecturers and Tutors 3,407 76
2512 Medical Imaging Professionals 1,203 <20
2514 Optometrists and Orthoptists 1,000 0
2519 Other Health Diagnostic and Promotion Professionals 1,000 0
2521 Chiropractors and Osteopaths 1,000 <20
2524 Occupational Therapists 1,082 <20
2525 Physiotherapists 1,784 <20
2526 Podiatrists 1,000 0
2527 Speech Professionals and Audiologists 1,000 <20
2531 General Practitioners and Resident Medical officers 3,550 48
2533 Internal Medicine Specialists 1,000 <20
2534 Psychiatrists 1,000 <20
2535 Surgeons 1,000 <20
2539 Other Medical Practitioners 1,250 82
2541 Midwives 1,218 <20
2544 Registered Nurses 17,509 567
2611 ICT Business and Systems Analysts* 2,587 608
2612 Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers 1,000 41
2613 Software and Applications Programmers* 8,748 1926
2621 Database and Systems Administrators and ICT Security Specialists 2,887 489
2631 Computer Network Professionals* 2,553 599
2633 Telecommunications Engineering Professionals 1,000 259
2711 Barristers 1,000 <20
2713 Solicitors 4,650 27
2723 Psychologists 1,832 <20
2725 Social Workers 2,128 85
3122 Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians 1,000 60
3123 Electrical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians 1,000 <20
3132 Telecommunications Technical Specialists 1,000 <20
3211 Automotive Electricians 1,000 <20
3212 Motor Mechanics 6,399 <20
3222 Sheetmetal Trades Workers 1,000 0
3223 Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers 3,983 <20
3232 Metal Fitters and Machinists 7,007 0
3233 Precision Metal Trades Workers 1,000 0
3241 Panelbeaters 1,000 0
3311 Bricklayers and Stonemasons 1,610 0
3312 Carpenters and Joiners 8,536 <20
3322 Painting Trades Workers 3,330 <20
3331 Glaziers 1,000 0
3332 Plasterers 2,100 0
3334 Wall and Floor Tilers 1,682 0
3341 Plumbers 5,060 0
3411 Electricians 8,624 <20
3421 Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics 1,851 0
3422 Electrical Distribution Trades Workers 1,000 0
3423 Electronics Trades Workers 1,313 <20
3513 Chefs 2,738 55​​
3611 Animal Attendants and Trainers 1,051 0
3941 Cabinetmakers 2,112 0
3991 Boat Builders and Shipwrights 1,000 0
4523 Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials 4,071 0
4524 Sportspersons 1,000 0

*Occupations that are subject to pro-rata arrangements. For Accountants (2211) the occupational ceiling also reflects volumes in other skilled visa categories.


Disclaimer: The above set criteria and details about The eligibility of 485 PSW Visa have been copied from ‘as is’ and no alterations have been made. The document is provided for general information purposes only. Your use of any of this information is at your own risk, and you should not use any of this information without first seeking legal and other professional advice. The provision of this document (and the documents themselves) do not constitute legal advice or opinions of any kind, or any advertising or solicitation. No lawyer-client, advisory, fiduciary or other relationship is created between VIVID EDUCATION and any person accessing or otherwise using any of the information. Vivid Education and its affiliates (and any of their respective directors, officers, agents, contractors, interns, suppliers, and employees) will not be liable for any damages, losses, or causes of action of any nature arising from any use of any of this information.

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Genuine Temporary Entrant GTE

What Is Genuine Temporary Entrant (GTE) Criteria?

Genuine Temporary Entrant (GTE) Criteria

The Genuine Temporary Entrant (GTE) requirement assesses student visa applicants’ intention to enter and remain in Australia temporarily. This article looks at what factors the Department of Immigration & Border Protection (DIBP) uses to determine if student visa applicants meet the GTE requirement.

Genuine Temporary Entrant (GTE) assessment factors

The Section 499 Ministerial Direction Number 69 directs the DIBP’s decision-makers to take into consideration the following six factors:

  1. The applicant’s circumstances in their home country;
  2. The applicant’s potential circumstances in Australia;
  3. The value of the course to the applicant’s future;
  4. The applicant’s immigration history;
  5. If the applicant is under 18, the intent of the parent, guardian, or spouse; and
  6. Other relevant matters.

1. Applicant’s circumstances in their home country

This factor assesses the reasons for the applicant to not undertake the chosen course of study in their home country. It also considers whether there is military or civil unrest which would not support a temporary stay in Australia.

2. Applicant’s potential circumstances in Australia

The applicant’s potential circumstances in Australia relates to what their life will be like once they make it to Australia. The decision maker will look at whether there are family members who have adverse immigration histories and whether the chosen course of study is realistic. This factor also assesses the suitability of the education provider, and the standard of living in Australia given the applicant’s age, culture and other circumstances.

3. The value of the course

In assessing this factor, decision makers will look at a number of features of the course and how it will benefit the visa applicant.

Decision makers will assess whether the selected course is relevant and appropriate to the applicant’s current education and employment background. They will also look into the prospects of a future career and employment in that field.

Decision makers look to see if a chosen course of study makes sense careerwise. Meaning that the course of study is related to the ordinary progression of employment and education.

For example, university or vocational studies are a natural step after finishing high school.

While selecting a course which is unrelated to previous employment and education may result in decision makers requesting further information, it does not necessarily mean the visa will be refused.

Decision makers will consider other evidence in support of why that particular course was chosen. Such as, the need to change careers or if the course is of a hobby or interest that will provide a tangible benefit to the applicant. Studies of hobbies or interests must improve an applicant’s employment prospects in their home country.

4. The applicant’s immigration history

This factor assesses whether an applicant’s immigration history does or does not support a temporary stay in Australia.

The following circumstances would indicate against the genuine temporary entrant requirement:

  • You were previously refused a visa in Australia. You now seek to prolong your stay by entering into a relationship with a student visa holder to extend your stay;
  • You were not compliant with your previous visa conditions;
  • You had been undertaking a series of short, inexpensive courses which has the result of extending your stay in Australia;
  • You have been in Australia for a long time without having successfully completed a qualification;
  • You have moved education providers on numerous occasions and have failed to finish a course of study;
  • You have been in Australia for a long time on a range of short term temporary visas; or
  • You have a history of being refused visas or you have been non-compliant with visa requirements in another country.

An adverse immigration history could make a new student visa application very complicated. If there are any doubts about your study or immigration history, it is best to seek immigration legal advice before making an application.

5. Other relevant matters

Decision makers use this factor to be able to consider anything else that is relevant to an applicant.

This factor is designed to help visa applicants convince decision makers of their genuineness to complete the chosen course of study as a genuine temporary entrant.

If a decision maker refuses an application, they must clearly outline why they believe a matter is particularly relevant.

Further documents or information

If a decision maker requires further information in order to make an assessment of the GTE requirement, they may request the following:

  • Evidence of employment for at least 12 months;
  • Evidence of an offer of employment upon the applicant’s return home;
  • Evidence of assets in their home country consistent with the applicant’s family background;
  • Family or social ties which support a reason for the applicant to return to their home country upon the completion of their study;
  • Evidence of the previous studies;
  • Evidence from the applicant’s employer or a statement from the applicant attesting to the need to improve their skills for future career prospects; or
  • Evidence of personal or academic outcomes supporting the applicant’s need for a career change.


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